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Azure 3   We would like to thank the Belarusian Association of UNESCO Club and its President Dzmitry Subtselny for printing this booklet   The book is a non-profit publication. All rights are reserved to EFUCA. It is possible to copy a part of the text by mentioning the source.   PREFACE   I dedicate […]

Azure 3


We would like to thank the Belarusian Association of UNESCO Club and its President Dzmitry Subtselny for printing this booklet


The book is a non-profit publication. All rights are reserved to EFUCA. It is possible to copy a part of the text by mentioning the source.




I dedicate this publication to my colleagues for over 25 years, together with whom we have built and stylized this edifice named the European Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations.

I bow and light a candle in sign of gratitude for those who are no longer with us but are watching us from the sky. Thus, with all my acknowledgement I dedicate this publication to: Paula Iacob, Yuri Borisikhin, Marialuisa Stringa, Albert Rutter, Leonard Latkovski.

Our path started in 1990, and throughout this period we tried to bring this movement of UNESCO Clubs in Romania, to create the first self-sustaining organisation, and finally, to build a Romanian Federation (together with Paula Iacob, the founding president and lawyer) hoping that we would also build a European Federation. Thus, I bring my gratitude and my acknowledgements for all the Secretaries General of the Romanian National Commission for UNESCO who have given their support for this movement. With their precious help we have managed to organise in Romania an international Congress of Clubs for UNESCO and 2 European Congresses, many Executive Councils, international or European. Through all our joint activities we created a tremendous transparency for our movement of Clubs for UNESCO. I could not have done this without the help of the Secretaries General: Mircea Ifrim, Victor Iancu, Alexandru Mironov, Sergiu Nistor and Ani Matei.

This year Romania celebrates 60 years of being a Member State of UNESCO. Thus, I am bowing and I am trying to emphasise through a limited number of words on a piece of paper the activity of the UNESCO Civil Society. This demonstrates that the United Nations Organisation for Education, Science and Culture could not exist without the help of the partners who bring solutions to the problematic of this millennium which is difficult, and at the same time believing in the power of HOPE. These 15 years have demonstrated through the quality of the projects and through the longstanding commitment to the common values and ideals that the future generations have examples or patterns that they can follow.

Our EFUCA temple has at its foundation the beauty of the thought that we are all part of the UNESCO constellation.


Daniela Popescu





Beginnings: The path towards the European Federation 6

The Constitution Congress of the EFUCA, Busteni, 2001 12

The European Federation at its beginnings 18

The First Activities 20

The 2nd Congress of the EFUCA, Paris from 10 to 13 December 2008: Challenges, objectives

and prospects for FEACU 28

1st intermediate Congress of the Associations, Centers and UNESCO Clubs of the European

Region, Switzerland, Geneva 9-11 June 2011: Human Rights and Cultural Diversity 36

Third Congress of the European Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations, Bucharest, Romania 29 November – 3 December 2012: The Cultural diversity – Europe’s

Wealth 43

International Meeting and 2nd Intermediate Congress of EFUCA, Torino, 11-13 September 2014 “Global Ethics and Equal Opportunities: Women’s Contribution to the Development of Europe and the Mediterranean 52

Fourth Congress of the European Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations, Minsk, 11-13 November 2016: UNESCO Clubs Movement in Europe: Past, Present and Future 65

Participation in other important EFUCA events 68

In place of conclusion 76

Visit Card 77


This book, as a document of the Federation, brings in the first plan a part of the most important events of the last 15 years of activity that I hold in my personal archive: the General Assemblies and the Intermediate Congresses from Geneva and Turin.

As it is known, in 2001 I edited together with Mihaela Varga – the Vice-President of the Romanian Federation of Clubs, Centers and Associations for UNESCO who, in her 25-year-experience in the UNESCO Civil Society, has participated in almost all major events of the European Federation – the book “The European Federation for UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations”. This enclosed all the documents starting from the creation of the European Federation, which took place in Romania. For all my colleagues who were not present at the constitution of the Federation I will reproduce a part of the materials presented in 2001 in order to celebrate together these delightful events from our organisation’s history.


The preliminary path to the foundation of EFUCA

Illustrated by some documents, the long way to this new federation could be taken as an example of the necessary perseverance to reach the constitution of a new unit of action in the field of the Civil Society.

It is known that there were other attempts to create a European Federation – the first one dating back twenty years ago. It is almost impossible to obtain quick results if the democratic ways are respected, and success can be obtained only through teamwork. By right, Mrs. Marialuisa Stringa and Mr. André Zwejacker were elected honorary co-presidents of the new federation, because they were the ones who had pursued this ideal with a profound belief and tenacity, and they succeeded in convincing a younger generation of their rightness. Thus, the Working Group came into being, in which people like Lionel Vinour, Silvio de Matos or Antonio Casares acted with enthusiasm and perseverance. Lionel, with his typical Cartesian spirit, has always had the wisdom of what is to be done and prepared. Silvio proved an amazing coagulating energy and Juan Antonio brought tenacity. Even from the beginning, Jean Pierre Dehouck has always supported us in a competent and efficient way, managing to moderate things whenever the case was.

So the Group became not only a working group, but also a group of friends who discovered with pleasure in sharing a lot of common values. Some of those are the respect for every human being and every culture, and the belief in the necessity of a democratic approach to every action you take part in.

The Group grew from the beginning, but also during the two years’ work, thanks to other people’s will to join us. The Catalonians, the Moldavians (who being stimulated by the new effervescence of the European UNESCO movement, have established a federation of their own), the Slovenians and the Hungarians, who unfortunately could not participate in the Constituent Assembly, the Croats, The UNESCO Club of Malta and others – all of them were conquered by the idea of creating a European Federation. Finally, one can consider that all the delegations that signed the Constitutive Document began to believe in the necessity of a European Federation, which would now allow us to develop our friendly relations.

We, the members of the Romanian delegation, despite the fact that being hosts imposed a lot of stressing work, felt this friendly atmosphere that governed at Busteni, even with those who did not join us in the new federation. We really hope to preserve these friendly relations and to develop them with the aim to enrich the direct relations between the UNESCO Clubs of the European Region. Because we believe that the success of the new federation should and will be measured by the multiplication of these direct relations and by the good example of acting.


The Working Group’s activity

During the European Conference of the UNESCO Clubs in Florence, November 1998, Daniela Popescu, representing the Romanian delegation, presented to the organizers, before the start of the conference, an Appeal for the Constitution of a European Federation:



Animated by the desire to contribute to creating some efficient and representative European structures of UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations,

Aware of the importance of a European dialogue, developed at the level of those non-governmental structures which intend to promote in their programs the ideas of UNESCO,

Confident that the National Federations of UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations will consider useful any effort done for the purpose of establishing a European organization for the UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations movement,

Acknowledging that we are answering to a longing aspiration of European co-operation,

The National Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Association in Romania launched THE APPEAL FOR ESTABLISHING a European structure: THE EUROPEAN FEDERATION OF UNESCO CLUBS, CENTRES AND ASSOCIATIONS and proposes the following concrete actions:

  1. The European Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations should be established during an Extraordinary European Conference of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations taking place between the 5th-7th of July, 1999 in Romania; all expenses related to organization will be supported by the Romanian part.
  2. Each National Federation interested to become a member of this structure should be represented by a delegation comprising maximum 3 persons.

3.Between the 1st-3rd July, 1999, the European Conference should be preceded by a preparing meeting attended by maximum 5 National Federations which had assumed the responsibility of the final versions of the necessary documents prepared for this Extraordinary Conference.

  1. In order to prepare the first draft of document, the same 4 National Federations should meet in February 1999, in Romania. These documents will be submitted until the 1st of March, 1999 to all the interested European Federations so they can formulate their observations.
  2. The European Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations should detain a firm location and a Permanent Secretariat with a staff comprising 3 employees. Each of these 3 persons has to co-ordinate 1-2 European programs approved by at least 3 National Federations.

All the expenses related to the Permanent Secretariat will be supported via a special fund that will be supported by the National Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations in Romania.

  1. The preparing meeting in February 1999 should take place in the presence of Mr. Patrick Gallaud, Secretary General of WFUCA and Mrs. Marialuisa Stringa, Vice-President of WFUCA.
  2. Until the 16th of February, the federations interested in becoming members of this organization can request to be admitted.

The organizers of the Conference introduced in the program a round table dedicated to this subject. Several delegations expressed their interest in joining this initiative: the French, the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Russians, the Italians and the Belgians. There was a debate on the principles, a Working Group was established and a group’s reporter was designated in the person of Silvio Matos. The Working Group approved a second reunion in Romania.

The second meeting of the Working Group took place in Sinaia, in March 1999, in order to begin the concrete work. The delegations that participated were from Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Romania. The sketches were made from the statute and the programs viable for the development of the new structure. Thus, a program called “Knowledge of Europe” was conceived and an open letter addressed to all interested groups from the European region was prepared:


Dear friends,

It’s been more than ten years since the birth of the idea of a European Federation. In 1995, in Sinaia, a meeting of the European representatives decided to make a decisive step in this sense by creating a Commission on the spot.

After issuing a call in this sense, only eight federations responded. Most of them were in favour of the idea of a European Federation.

In November 1998, at the European Conference in Florence, a workshop led to the conclusion that almost all representatives from twenty-four countries were willing to support the creation of a European structure. On this occasion, Romania launched an appeal in favour of the European Federation in order to accelerate the process.

A Working Group was created and countries were designated to make contacts and prepare the documents necessary to summon a constitutive reunion. At the invitation of the Romanian Federation, the Working Group met in Sinaia between the 4th and 7th of March 1999, in the presence of Belgium, Spain, France, Italy, Portugal and Romania; Russia was excused.

Having no doubt about your engagement on our side to finalize this ambitious project, we would like to send you, dear friends, our best thoughts.

Sinaia, 12th March 1999

The Working Group


The third meeting of the Working Group was conducted in Malaga thanks to the kindness of the Spanish Confederation; unfortunately, the Romanian delegation could not participate. The French, Italian, Belgian, Portuguese and Spanish delegations have prepared the first draft of the statute.

During the World Congress of WFUCA in Ekaterinburg, an informal meeting was organized, outside of the official work, where all the European delegations were invited and the Working Group presented its first steps and results. Many delegations affirmed that they were not prepared for the constitution of a new federation so the Working Group made a decision to delay the process and to postpone the date of the Constituent Assembly that was scheduled for October of the same year, in Paris. The Romanian delegation proposed another meeting of the Working Group in Romania; the proposal was accepted.

In Romania, in Busteni, April 2000, the Working Group successfully adopted the final forms of the drafts of the procedures and statute. The date and place for the Constituent Assembly was established: October 2000, Paris.

Another meeting of the Working Group and representatives of WFUCA’s Executive Board – Paul Ortega, President; Patrick Gallaud, Secretary General; George Christophides, Vice-president – initiated by the French Federation took place in Paris, in July 2000. Three candidatures for the Constituent Assembly were retained: France, Romania and Cyprus.

Again, some of UNESCO federations and clubs considered that the moment for a European Federation was still not favourable, or that a new structure was not necessary. This position led to the Hannover Document addressed to WFUCA’s president, George Christophides.

In order to respect their reticence, the Constituent Assembly was again postponed. Another meeting of several delegations who could not cancel their departure was held in Paris instead. It was decided to send the point of view of the organization favourable of the founding of a European Federation, through the voice of André Zwejacker, to the WFUCA’s Executive Board at its meeting in Bilbao, in November 2000.

WFUCA’s Executive Board decided to accept the candidatures of Romania and Cyprus to host the Constituent Assembly, in this order. WFUCA’s Secretariat was charged to send the official invitation and to receive the proposals for amendments to the procedures and statute. Some reserves were appeased in this way. The amendments were sent to the Romanian federation some days before the meeting and here they were structured by articles so that the Assembly could analyse them in logical order.


Lettre d’André Zwejacker,

Président d’honneur de la Fédération française des Clubs UNESCO,

adressée aux participants de l’Assemblé constitutive de la Fédération Européenne des Associations, Centres et Clubs pour l’UNESCO

Chers amis,

Je voudrais tout d’abord exprimer à nos hôtes de la fédération roumaine des clubs UNESCO, nos vifs remerciements pour avoir pris la relève de la tenue de cette assemblée constitutive et pour l’accueil que nous est réservé. Félicitons-nous du nombre important de délégués et de membres présents de toute l’Europe.

En m’appuyant sur le privilège de l’ancienneté – privilège ou handicap! – je vais tenter de faire un peu d’histoire sur la longue genèse qui devrait aboutir à la création de la Fédération européenne, en retraçant quelques dates.

Déjà en 1970 à Trogen, lors d’une rencontre clubs-écoles associées d’Europe, la complémentarité entre les écoles (enfants légitimes de l’UNESCO) et les clubs (enfants naturels) avait été esquissée. La création de la Fédération mondiale des Associations Centres et Clubs UNESCO à Paris en 1981, reprenant la classification de l’UNESCO, définissait une région Europe et l’élection de membres devant la représenter au conseil exécutif.

En 1984, à l’occasion de l’année internationale de la jeunesse, une rencontre européenne à Marly-le-Roy en France, permettait de coordonner les activités centrée en Europe sur les thèmes de l’A.I.J. En 1990, à Strasbourg dans les locaux du Conseil de l’Europe où un nombre important de représentants des fédérations et des clubs d’Europe étaient présents, la réflexion finale a été centrée sur la coordination nécessaire du mouvement des clubs en Europe.

Au congrès de la Fédération mondiale à Sinaïa en Roumanie en 1995, une réunion fut consacrée à un tour de table sur le projet de créer une féderation ou une coordination européenne. Quelques volontaires se proposèrent de donner suite au projet, notamment la vice-presidente mondiale Maria-Luisa Stringa, Jean-Pierre Dehouck et moi-même. Un questionnaire fut envoyé aux féderations, des échanges de courrier eurent lieu, un débat fut organisé pour ñe cinquantième anniversaire de l’UNESCO. Mais il a fallu attendre la rencontre organisée par la féderation italienne et la FMACU en novembre 1998 à Florence pour que la question se précise et qu’elle soit portée à l’ordre du jour. Il en ressortit la création officielle d’un groupe de travail chargé de préparer un projet de constitution et de fonctionnement. Il se réunit à Sinaïa sur invitation roumaine en mars 1999, où est échafaudé un programme concret mettant l’accent sur les initiatives possibles et réalisables sous le nom de Connaissance de l’Europe: programme de mobilité européenne. Quelques mois plus tard, à Malaga en mai 1999, à l’invitation de la conféderation espagnole, des projets de statuts sont élaborés. L’absence de temps et de lieux de réunion n’a pas permis au congrès d’Ekaterinbourg d’exposer valablement le résultat des travaux menés mais rendez-vous a été donné pour 2000. À la rencontre de Bușteni en mars 2000, dans les lieux accueillants où nous nous trouvons aujourd’hui a été mis la dernière main aux statuts et proposé la tenue d’une assemblée constitutive. Afin d’avoir une concertation préparatoire la Fédération française a pris l’initiative d’une réunion en juillet 2000 à l’UNESCO entre les membres du groupe de travail, les représentants du conseil exécutif de la F.M.A.C.U: Le Président Ortega, le vice-président Christophides et le secrétaire général Patrick Gallaud, ainsi que Madame Brigaud-Robert de l’unité des clubs UNESCO.

Au sujet du lieu de l’assemblée constitutive, trois propositions ont été faites: dans l’ordre la France, la Roumanie et Chypre. La fédération française a proposé de tenir les assises à Paris du 26 à 29 octobre 2000 et les a préparées. Des défections successives et tardives, sur lesquelles je n’ai pas l’intention aujourd’hui de m’étendre, ont conduit à annuler la tenue de l’assemblée. Le projet a immédiatement été repris par la fédération roumaine et après un report de dates nous y voici!

Gestation laborieuse dira-t-on à laquelle il faut, je crois, apporter plusieurs réponses parmi lesquelles je retiendrai l’une d’entre elles qui me semble pertinente. Elle consiste dans l’ensemble des mutations qu’a connues l’Europe. Jamais sans doute ce continent n’a connu au 20ème siècle tant de drames, de bouleversements et de profondes mutations. Qu’il s’agisse de l’Europe de l’après première guerre mondiale avec l’effondrement des empires et la naissance de nouveaux états, de l’Europe de 1945 en partie dévastée, ruinée, sans véritable réglement de paix globale avec ses déplacements massifs de population, avec cette division idéologique et territoriale de l’Europe, la guerre froide où s’opposent deux Europes antagonistes et où l’UNESCO à partir de 1954 a pu établir un pont qui a permis les échanges culturels et rompre l’isolement.

Cela durant 45 ans, jusqu’en 1989-91 qui marque la naissance ou la renaissance d’états. Avec le conflit yougoslave, ce sont 14 états en pleine souveraineté en moins de 10 ans.

C’est une nouvelle Europe avec une dynamique d’espoir démocratique que manifeste par exemple, l’accès de 40 états (soit le double d’il y a 20 ans) au conseil de l’Europe et la ratification de la convention européenne de sauvegarde des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales de 1950. Mais parallèlement à cette avancée, les craintes existent que les conflits récents – la guerre en Europe que l’on croyait impensable – ont révélées, les risques d’intolerance, d’intégrisme, de ségrégation, d’ostracisme à l’égard des minorités, des réfugiés, des immigrés en quête de dignité.

Il y a là, et les statuts y font réference, sous le titre “Connaissance de l’Europe”, une connaissance géographique, politique, sociale, culturelle à partager par un effort d’éducation, de rencontres, d’échanges, de solidarité, que les clubs mènent et devront mener davantage dans une approche de citoyenneté Européenne pour une Europe de paix, de coopération et de démocratie. Les clubs UNESCO, riches de leur diversité culturelle, riches des valeurs qu’ils défendent et de leur ancrage dans la société civile au titré d’associations doivent jouer un rôle et saisir l’opportunité qui leur est offerte.

S’interesser à l’Europe en signifie nullement créer un nouvel isolement, un nouveau cloisonnement du monde. Nul en songerait à se priver du regard Europe-Afrique, Europe-Méditeranée, Europe-Asie, Europe-Atlantique. À l’heure de la globalisation, de la mondialisation, plus que jamais les échanges et les relations avec les autres régions du monde sont indispensables et le rôle de la FMACU est d’y pourvoir. Les grandes questions de la paix, du développement, de l’environnement, du patrimoine doivent être appréhendés à diverses échelles, du local au planétaire.

Au fond, il semble y avoir un relatif consensus, d’une part sur l’intérêt, voire le besoin de favoriser, grâce à l’existence d’une fédération, les relations entre fédérations nationales et clubs en Europe, propice à une meilleure connaissance et à un développement des échanges. Consensus aussi sur les buts d’une telle fédération, tels qu’ils sont exposés dans les statuts présentés.

Restent les questions relatives à l’organisation proprement dite. Puisqu’une structure doit exister, faisons-la souple, permettant aux initiatives de s’exercer d’une façon créative, préservant un minimum d’autonomie dans le cadre de la fédération mondiale.

Ne calquons pas notre fonctionnement sur le schéma sclérosant, inhibant, et rigide d’une structure intergouvernmentale. Proposons un fonctionnement s’adressant plus directement aux clubs.

Que savons-nous des clubs en Europe? Voilà la grande question! C’est de leur diversité, de leurs activités que nous tirons notre richesse. Par expérience, je sais qu’une fédération nationale en vaut que par les clubs qu’elle fédère. Les clubs pourraient à la limite vivre sans fédérations mais les fédérations en pourrait se passer de clubs? C’est un travail de terrain entre clubs, facilité par les fédérations, jouant le rôle d’initiateur, de relais, de conseil, d’accompagnement.

Il est indispensable que la fédération européenne permette la plus large représentation – sans exclusive autre que légitime – de la diversité des situations en Europe, et facilite les procédures d’admission.

Permettre cette initiative, cette mobilité, cette vie, est d’autant plus nécessaire que les moyens financiers sans doute, mais ce n’est peut-être pas le plus important. Le plus important, ce sont les ressources humaines et c’est dans une dynamique de ces ressources humaines que les autres moyens peuvent être obtenus.

Il y a là sans doute un travail de recensement nécessaire que l’outil informatique favorise sur ce que se fait, se propose, se projette, sur le recoupement des thèmes et la création naturelle et thématique de réseaux auxquels on peut joindre les thèmes que la communauté internationale, l’UNESCO, la FMACU peuvent proposer. Les liens à définir avec les institutions européennes et notamment le conseil de l’Europe peuvent favoriser projets et rencontres en particulier pour les jeunes.

Alors allons-nous nous dérober à cette opportunité de créer la fédération européenne des associations, centres et clubs UNESCO, d’une fédération nullement concurrentielle et antagoniste de la fédération mondiale mais au contraire, riche d’une complémentarité et d’un développement mutuel? Une fédération ouverte et accueillante à tous ceux que veulent participer à la promotion des idéaux de l’UNESCO.

Le moment est venu, je le pense.

André Zwejacker



Continuarea publicatiei o puteti accesa aici:


Alumnus Club for UNESCO is an organization created in the year 2000, that gathers for more than a decade and a half members from 10 countries.
Alumnus Club for UNESCO is part of the Romanian federation of UNESCO Associations, Centers and Clubs, and implicitly of the World and European Federations for UNESCO. The club is formed mainly by young students, and its aim is to offer its members the opportunity to get involved in projects aimed at developing their experience in the selected field of study.
Through its UNESCO affiliation, the Alumnus Club has access to an important network of information regarding the activities developed in domains such as education, science, culture and communication.
The main purpose of the organization is that of training young people in a multicultural manner, through projects that aim at involving them in activities that encourage their personal initiative and experience gaining.
In 15 years of activity, Alumnus Club for UNESCO has offered its members and the participants in its events the occasion to engage in educational, scientific, cultural and communication projects.
Below, you may find a non exhaustive list of annual events: Metamorphoses, Youth and Museums, Art and Civilization in Monastic Spaces, Magellan and the new project developed under the auspices of the Alliance of Civilizations: Bucharest retrieved, the concerts of the National Chamber Choir Madrigal.

ALUMNUS Club pentru UNESCO a fost fondat in anul 2000 si este format din tineri de pe cuprinsul a 10 tari. Clubul doreste sa ofere membrilor sai oportunitati de a se implica in proiecte educationale, stiintifice, culturale si de comunicare. Alumnus Club pentru UNESCO isi propune sa ii pregateasca pe tineri intr-un spirit multicultural si sa ii implice in activitati ce le vin in ajutorul dezvoltarii personale si profesionale.